Outcome of Hypertension among Diabetic Patients at Matanda Hospital in Butembo, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Patrick Kambale Saasita
Adélard Kalima Nzanzu
Zacharie Tsongo Kibendelwa
Gabriel Kambale Bunduki

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is the more frequent cardiovascular risk factor among diabetic patients and it amplifies the risk of other cardiovascular diseases.

Aims: This survey aimed to determine factors incriminated in the outcome of the hypertension among diabetic patients attending the diabetics follow up center of Matanda hospital.

Methodology: We carried out a descriptive cross-sectional survey during 3 months, from October to December 2015 at the diabetics follow up center of Matanda hospital.

Results: The global frequency of the hypertension among diabetic patients followed at Matanda hospital was 63.1% i.e.101 patients out of 160 diabetic patients. 63.9% of the diabetic women presented HTA. 81.3% of diabetic patients aged of more than 60 years present the HTA. 65.5% of diabetic patients with HTA have a normal BMI (18.5-24.9Kg/m2). The HTA was diagnosed in 30% of patients after diabetes. 17.5% of the patients had a HTA of grade 1, 12.5% for HTA of grade 2, 6.2% for HTA of grade 3 and 20.6% for the isolated systolic HTA. 52% of patients with HTA are taking cardioaspirin in prevention of cardiovascular complications of diabetes and 65.2% of them respect the diabetic diet. The regular physical activity is done in 42.1% by patients with HTA.

Conclusion: Hypertension is an important problem in the diabetic population. Thus, care and prevention would be of paramount importance.

 

Keywords:
Hypertension, diabetes, prevention, cardiovascular complications, D.R. Congo

Article Details

How to Cite
Kambale Saasita, P., Kalima Nzanzu, A., Tsongo Kibendelwa, Z., & Kambale Bunduki, G. (2017). Outcome of Hypertension among Diabetic Patients at Matanda Hospital in Butembo, Democratic Republic of the Congo. International Blood Research & Reviews, 7(4), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.9734/IBRR/2017/32269
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Original Research Article