Evaluation of Blood Transfusion Request form: The Experience in a Tertiary Health Facility in Jos, Nigeria

Jatau ED *

Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria.

Iheanacho CU

Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria.

Okeke CN

Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria.

Zakari A

Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria.

Bangalu DY

Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria.

Damulak OD

Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria.

Egesie OJ

Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Background: There is a thin line between a safe blood transfusion and transfusion-related fatality hence the need to be diligent in every aspect of the blood transfusion process. Appropriate and complete documentation on a blood transfusion request form is one of the most important preanalytic activities serving as a communication tool between the clinician and the blood transfusion laboratory personnel.

Aims: To evaluate compliance with appropriate and complete documentation of information on our blood transfusion request forms for a reliable preanalytic process towards an efficient blood transfusion service.

Study Design: It is a retrospective study.

Place and Duration of Study: Blood Bank of the Jos University Teaching Hospital between January to December 2023.

Methodology: Six thousand, three hundred and sixty (6360) blood transfusion request forms from the Jos University Teaching Hospital Blood bank were evaluated for complete or incomplete documentation retrospectively and results were presented in frequencies and percentages.

Results: There was 100% compliance in filling in the patients' surnames and other names as well as the laboratory number and blood groups of the patients while only 4779 (75.14%) filled in the patients' ages with 1416(22.26%) using the prefix of adult(ad) while 165(2.59%) fail to document the patients' age. There were 2829 (44.48%) males with 3522 (55.38%) females while no sex was indicated in 9 of the reviewed forms. Obstetrics history has the least cumulated documented response of 0.38% while a significant 1008 (15.85%) did not indicate either blood grouping or blood grouping with cross-match request.

Conclusion: Appropriate and complete documentation of information on blood transfusion request forms is a problem among clinicians and will require continuous education on its importance, periodic auditing, provision of electronic data system and attitudinal change for a better blood transfusion compatibility service.

Keywords: Blood transfusion, compliance, evaluation, request form, services


How to Cite

Jatau ED, CU , I., CN , O., Zakari A, Bangalu DY, OD , D., & Egesie OJ. (2024). Evaluation of Blood Transfusion Request form: The Experience in a Tertiary Health Facility in Jos, Nigeria. International Blood Research & Reviews, 15(2), 22–29. https://doi.org/10.9734/ibrr/2024/v15i2336

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